> HRNK 소식
October 22, 2018

October 22, 2018 - The Committee for Human Rights in North Korea (HRNK), a leading U.S. non-governmental organization with consultative status at the United Nations, today called upon the UN General Assembly to continue to adopt a strong annual resolution on the human rights situation in the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK). North Korea’s pursuit of a peace agenda, HRNK declared, has not been matched by steps to improve its human rights record. This finding was confirmed by the UN Special Rapporteur on Human Rights in the DPRK, Tomas Ojea Quintana, whose September 19, 2018 report to the General Assembly found “no substantial changes in the serious human rights situation.”

Given the lack of improvement, HRNK calls for the General Assembly resolution to address:

  • The continued widespread and systematic crimes against humanity identified by the UN Commission of Inquiry and referenced in last year’s General Assembly resolution, which was adopted by broad consensus.
  • The political prison camps (kwan-li-so) and the re-education through labor camps (kyo-hwa-so) where tens of thousands of North Korean men, women, and children are incarcerated without adequate food or medical care, and regularly abused. According to satellite imagery analysis, the camps are expanding. HRNK has identified over twenty potential re-education through labor camps in addition to six operational political prison camps—Nos. 14, 15, 16, 18, 25 as well as Choma-bong Restricted Area, where a high security perimeter was constructed between 2013 and 2014 coinciding with the execution of Jang Song-taek and the imprisonment of his colleagues and family members.
  • Accountability for those most responsible for crimes against humanity as called for by the 2014 Commission of Inquiry report and the General Assembly’s 2017 resolution. Because of the direct link between the treatment of the North Korean people and security and stability of the Korean Peninsula, the resolution should again urge the Security Council to place the human rights situation on its agenda.
  • The violation of workers’ rights inside the country, in the prison facilities, and when workers are sent overseas. The revenue accrued to the government from forced labor sent abroad helps to enable its continued military and nuclear development.

To make connection with and promote the human rights of the North Korean people, HRNK calls for:

  1. Entry to the DPRK of UN human rights rapporteurs and officials; and 
  2. Full access and monitoring for humanitarian actors seeking to address the widespread malnutrition and lack of medical care in the country so as to enable them to reach the most vulnerable, including those in detention facilities.


Denied from the Start: Human Rights at the Local Level in North Korea is a comprehensive study of how North Korea’s Kim regime denies human rights for each and every citizen of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK). In doing so, this report examines human rights denial policies and practices. Local institutions are responsible for this denial at the schools, housing units, workplaces, and beyon

In this submission, HRNK focuses its attention on the DPRK’s— 

1. System of political imprisonment, wherein a multitude of human rights violations are evidenced, including enforced disappearance, amounting to crimes against humanity. 

2. Restrictions on freedom of movement, affecting women in particular, as evidenced in sexual violence, human trafficking, and arbitrary detention. 

3. Policy of social and political discrimination, known as “so

From Cradle to Grave: The Path of North Korean Innocents
Robert Collins and Amanda Mortwedt Oh
Nov 13, 2017

이 보고서는  기존의 연구와 로버트 콜린스(Robert Collins)의 이전 저작들을 기반으로 정치범 수용소에 방점을 두고 북한 정권의 공포정치의 사상적 기반과 제도적 구조를 설명하고 있습니다. 어떻게 북한 당국이 끊임없이 세뇌교육, 감시, 처벌을 통해 개개인의 삶을 요람에서 무덤까지 통제하는지 간략한 개관을 제공하고자 합니다. 특히, 이 보고서는 다음 질문들에 답하고자 합니다: 어떤 사회 정치적 및 법적 역학이 개인을 정치범 수용소로 이끄는가? 어떻게 의심의 여지없이 죄가 없는 북한 주민들이 정권의 관점에서  범죄자로 보여지는가? 어떻게 김씨 정권에 충성을 보였던 북한 주민들이 결국 정치범 수용소의 이름 없는 무덤으로 내몰리는가? 누가 이런 판단을 내리며 누가 이를 강제하는데 책임이 있는가?

The Parallel Gulag: North Korea's
David Hawk with Amanda Mortwedt Oh
Oct 26, 2017

이 책에서 데이비드 호크(David Hawk)는 이전에는 본 적 없던 추정되는 그리고 확인된 노동 교화 수용소의  모습을 제공합니다. 그는 안전부(현 인민보안성)가 통제하는 감옥 네트워크에 대해 밝히고 있습니다. 이러한 폭로는 2014년 유엔 북한인권 조사위원회(COI)가 묘사했던 것보다 더 만연한 수준의 고통을 보여주고 있습니다. 이 노동 수용소가 “일반적인 감옥”이라고 묘사됨에도 불구하고, 이곳에 갇힌 이들의 처우 중 “일반적인” 것은 아무것도 없습니다. 수감자와 정치범 처우 사이에 다른 점은 단지 “정도의 차이일 뿐 원칙적으로는 같습니다. 강제 노동과 의도적인 굶주림, 부족한 의료, 열악한 위생 상태를 결합한 정책은 매년 수천 명의 수감자들의 죽음을 낳고 있습니다.”

North Korea Camp No. 25 Update 2
Joseph S. Bermudez Jr., Andy Dinville, and Mike Eley
Nov 29, 2016

As part of a joint undertaking with HRNK to use satellite imagery to shed light on human suffering in the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK, more commonly known as North Korea), AllSource Analysis has been monitoring activity at political prison facilities throughout North Korea. This report details activity observed during the past

North Korea: Flooding at Kyo-hwa-so No. 12, Jongo-ri
Greg Scarlatoiu and Joseph S. Bermudez Jr.
Sep 16, 2016

The Committee for Human Rights in North Korea (HRNK), a non-governmental organization based in Washington, DC and AllSource Analysis, a leading global provider of high-resolution earth imagery solutions, have conducted a satellite imagery-based rapid assessment of flood damage at Kyo-hwa-so No. 12, Jongo-ri in Hamgyŏng-bukto, North Korea. Thousands of political prisoners are held in this re-education prison labor camp together with common offenders.